The Disease: Psychopathia Transexualis

While I know full well just by reading this article that the world has come a long way in thinking about transgender issues, I cringed so often throughout this article. There are obvious things that are bothersome, like the stereotypical trans* narrative of Earl, the automatically assumed homosexuality justified as pseudo-heterosexuality because Earl is a psychological male but his “true sex” is biologically female, and the idea that being transgendered is a disease. However, I was really struck by how Cauldwell’s language frames “the psychological condition [that] is in reality the disease,” which includes non-normative gender and sexuality identifications. Cauldwell constantly reassures his audience that Earl is not a bad person, he’s just psychologically stunted. He (or as he kept reinforcing: she) would never seduce a woman to homosexual ways except for the fact that he is under the unfortunate misconception that he is a male. Silly woman, thinking that you’re a boy just because your parents dressed you up as one when you were little then proceeded to emotionally scar you into believing delusions. (In case it wasn’t obvious: that was sarcasm. Blatant, dripping sarcasm.)

So let’s offhandedly blame the parents, creating a victim, then proceed to treat that perceived victim as if they don’t know what’s best for themselves. Also, they’re inconsiderate (because they can’t realize that a doctor preforming surgery to “mutilate a pair of healthy breasts” should be considered an innocent party) and irresponsible (they’re a parasitic seductress and narcissist), but there’s still hope! “Progress is being made. Within a quarter of a century social education may serve as a preventive in all but a few cases and social organizations may be able to rehabilitate the few who fall by the wayside.” So, a child in a dysfunctional home doesn’t suffer significant damage just because they’re in an education system with children who are ‘normal.’

Not only will socialization with other children eradicate ‘transsexuals,’ but it will, by proxy eradicate homosexuality. With ‘girls’ like Earl, “She believed that she had a perfect right to go out just as any young male and court a female and, just as young males sometimes seduce young females, she thought that it was within her right to do the same thing.” With some care and early socialization with ‘normal’ peers, there might be a chance that the disease called ‘transsexualism’ might yet be eradicated.

Cauldwell feels it necessary to justify what he calls Earl’s “homosexual” activities with the claim that, in his mind, he was acting heterosexually, because he perceived himself to be male. The goal of this is to make Earl seem like a more credible source, but it is only the most offensive way to make a person credible. Maybe it’s my bias as a queer (in gender and sexuality) person, but first he says that having gender issues indicates a mental disease, then he uses that ‘disease’ to excuse away the legitimate feelings that Earl has for the women he comes in contact with. This approach takes Earl’s gender and sexual identities and marginalizes them, making them hetero- and cisnormative where they do not necessarily claim to be.

I have never felt more invalidated than when I read this article. It’s like Cauldwell took my life and slapped me across the face with it…. I really hope to change this mindset that non-normative people are problems. It just hurts everyone.

-Skyler Powell

speaking of non-normative:

# turkeydubstep

But, to be a little more serious, here’s a girl that I found on my search for information on transgender individuals via youtube (I know, not the best resources, but I had no clue why I was even interested at the time, so it was one of my only resources). She’s gotten a lot of coverage for her transtition, but not nearly enough for her songs, so here’s one. She’s not amazing, but that wasn’t what was important to me when I found the video. It just made me excited to see someone be happy and feel comfortable in their skin, even though they had to work to get there. In contrast to the article, she has been widely accepted in a lot of places, just as herself.

Kim Petras:


More Appeals to Normativity? I give up.

            When cis-normative gay communities dump all gender transgressions onto the word “trans,” some trans communities themselves are resistant to pick up the queer pieces of their identities.  The inherent issue with the creation of an umbrella term so vast it covers all gender transgressive experience is that not every gender-transgressive person who self-identifies under this umbrella can possibly have the same experience as the next gender non-conforming human.  So when trans individuals seeking medical resources shove themselves into gender-normative boxes to cater to medical gatekeepers, they sacrifice the visibility and even viability of those who call themselves “trans” but refuse to let go of the incoherencies of their queer gender identities.

            Picking apart those who identify with the traditional trans narrative as wanted by medical gatekeepers is not, however, what I’m after with this post.  Anyone who identifies as trans should be able to identify with any narrative of their choosing.  This becomes complicated when we have a messy umbrella term defined by the mere presence of gender non-conformity and when medical gatekeepers dictate a one-sided trans experience that alienates those who do not identify under those strict guidelines, forces trans-identified individuals seeking medical resources to adopt narratives they may not necessarily identify with, and shoves those who do identify with the traditional narrative onto a pedestal of normativity that they may or may not desire.

            I’m going to focus here on trans masculine-leaning genderqueer humans because I have more personal experience with this kind of alienation from trans spaces.  Dean Spade describes this phenomenon very well.  If trans masculine-identified individuals have to appeal to a normative “I was a man born in a female body” narrative to get medical resources, then “the most ‘successful’ FTMs [resemble] khaki-clad frat boy clones” (Spade 28).  While this is an exaggeration, the point is that the “perfect” FTM seeks a normative (macho, hetero, misogynist, etc.) masculinity acceptable within mainstream society.  Where does that leave the rest of us genderqueers who identify as feminine or queer in terms of sexuality or feminist?  With nowhere to go.

            I know what this is like.  I don’t belong in cis-normative gay spaces because I’m not cis, and I don’t belong in trans masculine spaces because I’m not “trans enough.”  There are no resources for me within either community because either my gender transgressions throw me under this trans umbrella term, or because the normative focus in trans masculine spheres is transition so much that I cannot just exist in those spaces without being pushed to be gendered male or try T. 

            Here are a few examples.  I have a very complicated relationship with pronouns.  I abhor them.  I feel awkward when I am gendered as he and she, so for those who don’t acknowledge the existence of gender-neutral pronouns, I won’t ever feel like they’re getting it right.  I don’t feel “wholly joyous when I get called ‘sir’ or ‘boy’” (Spade 22) because I have this enormously complicated relationship with pronouns in general and with my own fluctuating gender performance in that moment.  How can I ever fit into trans masculine circles if I don’t have a deep desire for male pronouns or experience the same giddiness as most normative trans guys do when they are gendered male?

            I’m on the Indy Boyz listserv, an email list of those who identify as trans or trans masculine-leaning genderqueer in Indiana/Indianapolis area.  Almost every email that comes across my laptop echoes the same things over and over again.  Focus: transition.  One specific email I came across the other day came from a trans guy who just came out to himself after years of internal struggle.  It certainly surprised me when he spelled out a huge list of all of the things he hoped to accomplish (coming out immediately to his family, changing his name, starting T, saving for top surgery, finding a plastic surgeon, and finally having top surgery) just after he came out to himself. 

             While I acknowledge the validity of his experience, I wonder if the transition image of trans guys on the internet (which is usually the only accessible image of trans guys on the internet) influenced this guy’s immediate decision to act and pursue transition.  And if that is the case, why did he so easily conform to this transition image?  I believe it’s because genderqueer expression is policed out of normative trans masculine circles.  Medical gatekeepers have such strict guidelines for access to resources that trans guys themselves feel so compelled to police the gender expression of other trans guys or trans masculine-identified humans.

              The pressure to conform to this transition model within trans masculine circles is astounding.  Not only will other trans guys look at you sideways if you perform gender in ways that aren’t “man enough,” but some will also outright tell you that you are not “trans enough” to exist in a community for gender non-conforming people.  So gender non-conforming humans get kicked out of a gender non-conforming space because the normative trans guys are the new gender police.  Beautiful.  Just when I thought I had a community to go to where I could express my gender transgressions freely (because isn’t that what the umbrealla term trans is supposed to signify?), I am rejected because I’m not “trans enough,” and now I have no community with which to share stories.  If I can’t fit in with cis-normative gay communities, and if I can’t fit in with narrative-normative trans communities, I begin to ask the question “why bother?” (Spade 28).

            I would like to suggest an alternative way of thinking about genderqueer alienation before I start to fizzle down the “I do not want to live on this planet” path.  Gender policing alienates genderqueer expression.  When cis-normative or trans-normative individuals police queer gender expressions directly or indirectly, “they foreclose norm-resistant possibilities” (Spade 28).  Gender policing exists because we have a dichotomous normative versus deviant way of thinking about gender.  When mainstream society throws gender transgressions into an umbrella, they throw us into the “deviant” category and then chastise that category for existing and compare it to their own normative category set up as the false “original” or “normal” gender category. 

            This binary thinking exists to oppress anyone under the deviant umbrella category, and the oppression becomes more severe as one becomes more deviant because the oppression comes from both outside and within those in the umbrella itself who in some way appeal to the normative category.  In these ways, how can the trans community call itself a community when its creation was dictated by those who called us “other” and threw us into a term that cannot possibly encompass all of our queer identities?  Queer identities will always be alienated from “queer-identified” spaces whenever those spaces represent some overarching umbrella of deviance that cannot possibly represent everyone and/or somehow seeks normativity because it is part of a “you versus us” dichotomy.

             My frustration over these issues boiled over when I read Spade’s article.  As a gender non-conforming human, I feel like I ironically cannot fit within any queer space because most “queer” spaces have actually become slightly deviant versions of normative spaces.  I refuse to remain a part of a space that polices my behavior in an attempt to make me more normative.  After reading this article, I wanted to pack up and move away from every person on the planet because I can’t stand the pressure to choose pronouns or justify myself to people (both cis and trans) anymore.  Without the ability to find and access a community of people like me because the queer is alienated from most “queer” spaces, there’s no point in trying to belong to a community that continually tries to change me.  I’d rather separate from everyone than conform and live as at most half of myself.

              Maybe my pessimism has gone on far too long unchecked (I acknowledge the lengthiness and rant-like language of this blog), but until I find queers who can’t put a name to their sexualities or genders or lack of either, I will continue to be frustrated with “queer communities” that try to shove me into normative boxes.  I do not play by your gender rules, and I will not flail around in your normative spaces.  Why bother?


This is a link to the trans enough project.  It provides more solid examples of how (mostly) normative trans guys police gender expression.  The problematic part of this project is that it does not have a more diverse range of queer voices. 


-Ash Kulak